Types of Cancer

Types of Cancer & Resources

Types of Cancer

Types of Cancer & Resources

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the bladder.  This type of cancer is often diagnosed early with signs and symptoms including blood in the urine and pain during urination.

Brain Tumors

There are many different types of brain tumors/cancer.  The cause of most adult brain and spinal cord tumors is not known. Often tumors in the brain started in another part of the body.

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer is the second most common cancer in women, following skin cancer. A family history of breast cancer is a leading risk of breast cancer. Examination for lumps, changes in the breast and diagnostic mammography can assist in detecting breast cancer.

Cancer Patient Resting
Learning about types of cancer at the Radiation Center of Greater Nashua.
Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is mostly caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). There are usually no signs or symptoms to early onset cervical cancer. As cervical cancer progresses signs and symptoms lead towards vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain.

Colon and Rectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer often begins as a growth, called a polyp, inside the colon or rectum.  Earlier detection, by colonoscopy, can find, remove, and examine polyps for cancer.  Signs of colon cancer include blood in the stool or a change in bowel habits.

Uterine Cancer

There are two types of Uterine Cancer that can be easily or difficult to treat.  Cancer cells in the endometrium is easier to treat than the more aggressive cancer cells in the Uterine muscles. Some risk factors include obesity, metabolic syndrome, and previous cancer treatments. Signs and symptoms can be unusual vaginal bleeding or pain in the pelvis.

Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer (renal) are malignant cells that form in the tubules of the kidney. Some risk factors are smoking, misuse of pain medication and being overweight. Signs can be blood in the urine, lump and the abdomen and pain in the side that does not go away.

Head and Neck

Is a group of cancers in the larynx, throat, lips, mouth, nose, and salivary glands.  There is increased risk with tobacco and heavy alcohol use and infection with human papillomavirus (HPV).

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer includes two main types: non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Smoking causes most lung cancers, but nonsmokers can also develop lung cancer. Signs include a cough that doesn’t go away and shortness of breath.

Pancreatic Cancer

There are two types of cancer in the pancreas: exocrine cells and neuroendocrine cells. Unfortunately, most pancreatic cancers are diagnosed at an advanced stage because of a lack of screening exams. Signs and symptoms include jaundice, pain and weight loss.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cancer cause of death in men. Signs include a weak or interrupted flow of urine and frequent urination. About 1 in 8 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer.  The main types of skin cancer are squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and melanoma.  Most deaths from skin cancer are caused by melanoma. Some risk factors are fair skin color, exposure to sunlight, history of multiple sunburns and family history of skin cancer.

Thyroid Cancer

There are many kinds of Thyroid cancer.  Thyroid nodules are common but usually are not cancer. Signs of Thyroid cancer include a swelling or lump in base of the neck, trouble breathing or swallowing. Some risk factors are female, exposure to radiation and family history of cancer.